Dyeing & Weaving

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Weave (p. 85 )

1. Produced in Tsuru City, Yamanashi Prefecture.

2. Characteristics: A twilled silk fabric, lustrous, soft and smooth. Softened silk threads are used both for warp and weft.

3. Uses: Bedding, cushion covers, lining cloths for clothes and "Haori"(short outer coats).

4. History: The origin of "Koshu Hattan" was a Chinese silk fabric called "Kaiki," which was a plain fabric transmitted to Japan in the 16th and 17th centuries. The same type of silk fabrics were produced in central part of Koshu(Kai, Yamanashi Prefecture) in the Edo Period(1600-1868). It was called "Gunnai Kaiki" and expressed by the name of "Kaiki"(Kai silk) with the same pronunciation but with a different meaning. The technique of "Hattan" twill weave was introduced from Hachioji and applied to the "Kaiki" in 1910ユs. There are several kinds of "Kaiki" today with variation in colors and types of threads used as warp and weft.